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Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Preventing Substance Use Disorders with Prescription Opioid Labeling

Prescription opioid misuse can increase the risk of dependence and is one driver of the opioid epidemic. From 1999 to 2020, more than 263,000 people across the country died from overdoses directly involving prescription opioids.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

School Choice in K-12 Education

While almost 70% of K-12 students in the U.S. continue to attend their neighborhood public school, an increasing number attend other types of schools.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Support for People with Substance Use Disorders: Crisis and Peer Supports

As the opioid epidemic continues to be a major public health crisis with record-breaking deaths, policies that promote services for people with substance use disorders (SUDs) beyond clinics and in-patient facilities can help support treatment and recovery.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 18: The Perfect Storm: College Students, Mental Health, And The Sense Of Belonging On Campus

The end of the spring semester marks the release of another episode! This month, we tackled the tough topic of mental health among college students. We talked about how COVID-19 has impacted college students seeking mental health services, the challenges for counselors and administrators working in university mental health centers, policy solutions to the crisis, and other things that have happened as a result of the pandemic like changes in technology.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Policy Brief

Disentangling Neglect from Poverty

The U.S. spends over $29 billion each year to identify and protect victims of child abuse and neglect through various Child Protective Services (CPS) processes and programs. Isolated allegations of child neglect (without concurrent abuse allegations) account for 60% of substantiated CPS allegations (confirmed as true).
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 17: Digging Deeper Into The Juvenile Justice System

We spoke to Megan Kurlychek, Professor of Sociology, Criminology and Public Policy and Associate Director of the Criminal Justice Research Center at Penn State, and Rick Steele, Executive Director of the Juvenile Court Judges’ Commission at the Pennsylvania Commonwealth, about their work in the juvenile justice field, the history of the juvenile justice system, prevention programs, the issue of recidivism, and more.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Child Sexual Abuse: Prevention, Treatment, and Safety Promotion

Child sexual abuse (CSA; i.e., physical or nonphysical sexual acts with a child under the age of 18 in which there is no or limited capacity to provide true consent) can occur through online exploitation, child pornography, and the luring of children offline for sexual encounters.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Web Article

Noncustodial Parents’ Impact on Children

NCP’s financial involvement can benefit the child in various ways. Child support payments are related to the child’s school achievement, fewer behavior problems, and a lower likelihood of child maltreatment investigations. However, 2/3rds of NCPS do not pay formal child support because they are in poverty.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Child Care Access for Families with Non-Standard Work Hours

An estimated 43% of children in the United States have at least one parent with a non-standard work schedule, which often include irregular shifts. Professional child care providers typically do not offer services outside of traditional weekday working hours or accommodate changing schedules on short notice, and may impose monetary penalties for unplanned schedule fluctuations.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 16: Debunking The U.S. Census

This month’s episode tackles all things related to the U.S. Census. We discussed the decennial Census, the data products created and released from the U.S. Census Bureau, the current demographic trends and challenges, and measuring hard-to-reach populations.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Teacher Workforce Development: ‘Grow Your Own’ Teacher Programs

Grow Your Own (GYO) teacher programs are partnerships between school districts, institutions of higher education, and community-based organizations to recruit and prepare community members to become teachers in local schools (Gist et al., 2019).
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Web Article

LGBTQ Youth

The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) proposed modifications to the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), including the addition of data elements regarding LGBTQ youth.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 15: Innovations In Healthcare: Enhancing Value, Health Equity, And The Social Determinants Of Health

In this month’s episode, we tackled innovations in healthcare. Since the beginning of the pandemic, we’ve seen a focus on various healthcare innovations and technology like artificial intelligence, cloud-enabled solutions, and inpatient telehealth, but other innovations are important, too. Some of these focused on in Pennsylvania include how we can get more value out of the country’s healthcare system without sacrificing the quality of care and lowering barriers for underserved populations.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 14: Navigating Pennsylvania’s Child Welfare System And Issues Of Child Maltreatment

We’re kicking things off by exploring the opportunities and challenges of Pennsylvania’s child welfare system. For the past several years, there has been an ongoing partnership between Penn State researchers and government partners to change the Commonwealth’s county-based child welfare system through legislative and policy actions. We spoke to Jennie Noll, Ph.D., Professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies and the Director of the Child Maltreatment Solutions Network at Penn State University, and Brian Bornman, Esq., Executive Director of the Pennsylvania Children and Youth Administrators Association, about their collaborative process, the challenges of navigating a stressed bureaucratic system, and what the future holds for resolving issues of child welfare and maltreatment.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 13: The Pandemic Perspective: Examining The Hardship Of Unemployment And The Pandemic Labor Market

As the nation begins to “reopen” and the economy begins shifting, many states have begun ending pandemic-era unemployment insurance benefits. For many, unemployment insurance was the only thing keeping them afloat following the unprecedented unemployment crisis at the beginning of the pandemic. And yet, despite the unbelievable numbers of unemployed workers in our country, the stigma of receiving unemployment insurance persists. We asked ourselves why, in a time of tremendous health and economic crisis, are we giving folks who need help a hard time? We know that research shows that many families and individuals are still out of work and struggling to afford adequate food and pay mortgages or rent. Like other topics we covered – childcare and food insecurity, for example – the pandemic has made it abundantly clear that our country’s systems are unsustainable and not enough to support the financial needs of families and individuals.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 12: The Pandemic Perspective: Revealing The Hidden Crisis Of Food Insecurity

According to the U.S. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, food insecurity is defined as the disruption of food intake or eating patterns because of lack of money or other resources. For example, this could mean cutting down on the number of meals or changing the types of food that you eat to save money.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Addressing School and Education COVID Disparities

COVID-19 has upended the lives of nearly every individual in the United States, with prolonged school closures one of the major driving forces of disruption for youth and families.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 11: The Pandemic Perspective: The Challenges And Opportunities Of The Childcare System

We spoke to Karen Grimm-Thomas, Director of External Relations at the Pennsylvania Office of Child Development and Early Learning (OCDEL), and Philip Sirinides, Associate Professor of Education in the School of Behavioral Sciences and Education and Director of the Institute of State and Regional Affairs (ISRA) at Penn State Harrisburg, about the impact that the pandemic has had on childcare providers and families throughout Pennsylvania.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 10: Exploring PacMAT, The Pennsylvania Coordinated Medication-Assisted Treatment Program

For our March episode, we explore the Pennsylvania Coordinated Medication-Assisted Treatment Program, or PacMAT, which builds evidence-based medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs for Pennsylvanians suffering from opioid use disorder. Currently, there are 14 PacMAT centers throughout Pennsylvania that utilize a hub-and-spoke model.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Policy Recommendations to Support Quality Child Care

High-quality, affordable, and reliable child care options are not accessible across the country. Child care deserts—areas with an insufficient supply of licensed child care options—are most frequently observed in marginalized and rural communities.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 9: The Pandemic Perspective: The Local And State Government’s Response To COVID-19, The 2020 Election, And Everything In Between (Part 2)

As part of our new series, The Pandemic Perspective, we spoke with Commissioner Mike Pipe, Centre County Chair of the Board of Commissioners and Co-Chair of the Election Board of Centre County, and Dr. Chris Witko, Associate Director of the School of Public Policy and Professor of Public Policy and Political Science at Penn State University. This episode is the second episode of a two-part episode about this topic. Listen to Part 1 here.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 8: The Pandemic Perspective: The Local And State Government’s Response To COVID-19, The 2020 Election, And Everything In Between (Part 1)

For the second episode of our new series, The Pandemic Perspective, we spoke with Commissioner Mike Pipe, Centre County Chair of the Board of Commissioners and Co-Chair of the Election Board of Centre County, and Dr. Chris Witko, Associate Director of the School of Public Policy and Professor of Public Policy and Political Science at Penn State University. This episode is broken into two parts – we had a lot to talk about! – and will be released biweekly.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Hazardous Misinformation: Key Policy Levers

While misinformation has long been a component of traditional print and broadcast media, digital technology allows for the frictionless dissemination of false and manipulated content with, at times, acutely dangerous consequences.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Providing Support to Parents with Substance Use Disorders During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has produced unique challenges for parents with substance use disorders (SUDs). Although some barriers have been alleviated (e.g., medication assisted treatment is more accessible for some and telehealth is broadly available), COVID-19 has still resulted in barriers to support for parents with SUDs.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Policy Brief

Policy Recommendations for Excessive Alcohol Use Amid COVID-19

Excessive alcohol use is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States[i] and has been made worse by the stress, anxiety, depression, and isolation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 6 – Examining Income Inequality In Pennsylvania: Why We Need More (And Better) Data

In this month’s episode, we spoke to Alexis Santos, PhD, Assistant Professor of Human Development and Family Studies at Penn State, and David Saunders, Director of the Office of Health Equity for the Pennsylvania Department of Health, about different disparities throughout the Pennsylvania Commonwealth and how the lack of good data impacts what we understand about poverty and health inequities.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Implicit Bias Police Training: What Works?

Implicit bias is an unconscious attitude based on one’s experiences and societal exposure to social messages.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 5 – The Stigma Of The Opioid Crisis

What is there left to say about the opioid crisis that has not already been said? It’s claimed thousands of lives, torn apart families and communities, strained our country’s already fractured healthcare system, and cost the economy billions, perhaps trillions, of dollars. If burning a path through communities for the last twenty years was not enough, the COVID-19 pandemic has forced many individuals and families to endure joblessness, potential homelessness, and other uncertainties, causing a spike in substance use and subsequently, overdoses.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

How Policymakers and Practitioners Can Facilitate Disclosure and Help-Seeking

Victims of violence (VoV) often face a variety of obstacles to disclosing their victim status, which prevent them from receiving help. Victim services programs and organizations, which are often financially supported through the Crime Victims Fund, advocate for victims and connect them with necessary services.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Incarceration and COVID-19

More than 2.2. million people are incarcerated in the U.S.; this is more people than in any other country and over half of these individuals are incarcerated for non-violent offenses. Incarcerated populations, correctional staff, and their families are at an especially increased risk to become infected with COVID-19, as the prison environment does not lend itself to be protective against illness.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 4 – The Chronic Crisis Of Housing

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues and unemployment benefits for many Americans decrease significantly at the end of July, many Americans will be unable to pay rents and mortgages and may face eviction. Given the severity of this particular crisis, July’s episode focuses on multiple issues related to housing in America, like the lack of affordable housing and housing as a means to improve overall health and well-being. In this episode, we spoke to Bryce Maretzki, Director of Policy and Planning for the Pennsylvania Housing Finance Agency, and Selena Ortiz, PhD, Assistant Professor of Health Policy and Administration as well as Demography, at Penn State.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Racial Disparities in Policing and their Impact on Police-Community Relations

Negative relationships between police and communities are associated with civilian perceptions of lack of safety, low civilian trust in police, and overall negative perceptions of law enforcement, particularly for Black communities and other communities who have been historically marginalized.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Contact Tracing During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Considerations for Equity

Contact tracing is critical to containing and mitigating the spread of COVID-19. It is a tried and true, evidence-based mechanism to identify disease patterns during a pandemic. Coordinated federal efforts, including the use of national contact tracing strategies, are effective at containing and mitigating the impact of pandemics.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Racial Mental Health Disparities

The COVID-19 pandemic is disproportionately affecting people of color, in terms of number of cases, mortality rates, pay cuts, and job loss. The health and economic devastation of this outbreak, in addition to the distress raised by the recent killing of George Floyd and many others, are significantly contributing to the stress of the nation and disproportionately impacting the mental health of people of color.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and the Mental Health Workforce

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, an estimated 125,000 additional mental health professionals were required to meet the nation’s mental health needs. Recent events have intensified the need for mental health professionals and the services they provide.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 3 – Health In Rural Communities

Pennsylvania is considered one of the most rural states in the nation, and is anchored by Pittsburgh in the southwestern and Philadelphia in the southeastern parts of the state. Across the nation, however, rural counties have much in common in terms of geographic isolation and significant challenges like access to economic development, transportation infrastructure, broadband services, healthcare services, and many others. As the U.S. continues to weather the COVID-19 pandemic, the inadequacy of our country’s healthcare system hangs heavily over rural communities and the people living in them.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Mitigating the Implications of Coronavirus Pandemic on Families: Issue 7

This issue presents research-informed policy recommendations regarding the effects of COVID-19 on welfare-youth, and human trafficking and exploitation. The prevalence of human trafficking heightens with the growing impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable communities.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19: Human Trafficking and Exploitation

Human trafficking is the crime of using force or fraud for the purpose of compelled labor or a commercial sex act. The United States considers “trafficking in persons,” “human trafficking,” and “modern slavery” to be interchangeable umbrella terms that refer to both sex trafficking and labor trafficking.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19: Perinatal Support

Providing necessary care and social support is critical during the perinatal time period to ensure the health and well-being of parents and children. Due to concerns related to COVID-19, hospitals have limited the number of people who can be present during and following birth.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Human Trafficking During COVID-19: A Provider’s Perspective

Human trafficking involves individuals being compelled to work, provide services or engage in commercial sex through the use of force, fraud or coercion. COVID-19 has negatively impacted the screening and identification of human trafficking victims as well as reduced survivors’ access to the mechanisms associated with successful recovery (e.g., case workers, social workers and legal assistance).
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Child Welfare

Stressful situations combined with increased drug and alcohol use set the stage for potentially dangerous situations, especially for youth in abusive homes. Youth who consider school a safe haven may now be confined at home with their abusers.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Special Education

COVID-19 has created new barriers for students with disabilities. Students receiving special education services toward learning or behavioral goals are already at elevated risk for falling behind in school.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and The Digital Divide

Youth living in poverty are more impacted by the digital divide. This divide may widen as many schools transition to online learning.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Mitigating the Implications of Coronavirus Pandemic on Families: Issue 6

This issue presents research-informed policy recommendations regarding migrant workers and children. Particularly, attending to the impact of COVID-19 on health and economic disparities among America’s international workforce, as well as implications for educational access and linguistically diverse students
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Mitigating the Implications of Coronavirus Pandemic on Families: Issue 5

The U.S. is the new epicenter of the Coronavirus pandemic. Mitigation strategies are more critical than they ever were before; however, they may exacerbate socioeconomic inequities and disparities that endanger the health and well-being of families.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 2 – Aging In America: Challenges And Opportunities

For this month’s episode, we spoke to Penn State’s Marty Sliwinski, PhD, Director of the Center for Healthy Aging and Professor of Human Development and Family Studies, and Stephanie Cole, Director of Special Projects and Executive Assistant at the Office of the Secretary at Pennsylvania Department of Aging, about challenges and opportunities related to aging.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Mitigating the Implications of Coronavirus Pandemic on Families: Issue 3

In the midst of the Coronavirus pandemic, many families are facing social shifts, economic uncertainty, and disruptions in their daily life, as well as coping with closures to school and childcare facilities and demands of providing for educational and childcare needs.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19: Migrant Families and Children

Immigrant families and children who are infected/influenced by COVID-19 face various barriers in seeking healthcare.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

African American Employment and COVID-19: Disparities and Compounding Risks

COVID-19 is an equal opportunity virus, but exposure to this virus does not take place in an equal opportunity context. Although only some states and counties provide COVID-19 cases and outcomes by race, the data available indicate that disparities are stark.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Linguistically Diverse Students

All students deserve an appropriate and effective education, including English Learners (ELs) [1] and dual language learners (DLLs) [2], collectively referred to as linguistically diverse students.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19: Homelessness

Persons experiencing homelessness are at high risk of infection, transmission, complications and mortality from coronavirus. Persons experiencing homelessness have higher rates of physical and mental health conditions compared to the general public.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 1 – Criminal Sentencing Guidelines

This week, we spoke to Penn State’s Jeff Ulmer, PhD, Professor of Sociology and Criminology, and Mark Bergstrom, Executive Director of the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing about criminal sentencing guidelines. Sentencing guidelines are a set of standards that are generally put in place to establish rational and consistent sentencing practices within a particular jurisdiction.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Opioid Risk Mitigation

Improve Access to Items Needed to Reduce Harm Associated with Opioid Misuse.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Policy Brief

Policy Brief: Trauma-Informed Responses to Immigration Policies and Practices

This is an official statement of the Society for Community Research and Action, Division 27 of the American Psychological Association, and does not represent the position of the American Psychological Association or any of its other Divisions or subunits.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Influx of Refugees: State Challenges and Opportunities

Refugees face structural and cultural barriers associated with higher physical and mental health disparities, poverty, and uncertainty about their rights and legal status.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Diabetes Programs for Tribal Communities

The Special Diabetes Program for Indians (SDPI) has led to decreased incidence of diabetes in tribal communities; however, there is room for program improvements.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Collaborative Efforts for the Prevention of Family Violence

Due to issues of confidentiality that often prevent data and information sharing, the established bureaucratic process often doesn’t allow organizations to collaborate.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Maternal and Infant Health

Racial disparities are connected to maternal mortality, especially African American women. Inadequate healthcare has been a concern with racism being a primary cause.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Policy Brief

Quality Implementation of Trauma Informed Care

Trauma-informed care (TIC) refers to strategies that agencies, programs, and service providers can use to understand, identify, and respond to individuals who may have experienced trauma.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Substance Abuse Treatment: Predictors of Success and Accountability

Addiction is a complex disease, and there is no “one-size fits all.” Treatment should be personalized, measure progress over time, and develop a long-term strategy for continuing care after treatment.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Interventions Supporting Separated Migrant Children

Multiple organizations responded to this issue by summarizing the empirical evidence on the adverse psychological and physical health consequences of trauma anticipated from forced family separation, detention, feared deportation and acclimation.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Supporting Adoption Permanency

How well children and their families adapt to adoption depends on a few things, including social environments, biology, and time. This document reviews information associated with adoption permanency.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Address Confidentiality

Survivors of domestic violence often need to leave their residence in order to escape abuse and it is vital the abuser not be able to find them. In order to keep survivors safe, it is important they remain hidden from their abuser.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Infant Mortality and Home Visit Programs

We have begun to identify researcher-oriented professionals who have expertise in the following areas...
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Substance Use Treatment for Women

Many women who use substances are mothers with minor children or are of reproductive age.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Child Trauma and Trauma Informed Care

This brief summarizes child trauma and the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Policy Brief

Capacity to Identify and Prevent Human Trafficking

Trafficking in persons is defined as the recruitment, transportation or acquisition of persons by force, coercion, fraud, deception, the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person for the purpose of exploitation (UN Palermo Convention).
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Intercountry Adoption

We have identified several research-oriented professionals who have expertise in intercountry (international) adoption and the quality of orphanages abroad. We are currently in the process of engaging more experts both in and outside of our network.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Plans of Safe Care: Effective Implementation in the U.S.

Over the last decade, the number of infants affected by prenatal substance exposure, withdrawal symptoms or alcohol use has significantly increased with the opioid crisis.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Juvenile Justice

Policy efforts related to juvenile justice grew out of the initial 2016 implementation of the Research-to-Policy Collaboration by the National Prevention Science Coalition.
Results First
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Issue Brief

Better Programs, Better Results

Rigorous Quality Assurance Ensures that Washington State's Evidence-Based Programs Produce Expected Results

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Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Preventing Substance Use Disorders with Prescription Opioid Labeling

Prescription opioid misuse can increase the risk of dependence and is one driver of the opioid epidemic. From 1999 to 2020, more than 263,000 people across the country died from overdoses directly involving prescription opioids.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

School Choice in K-12 Education

While almost 70% of K-12 students in the U.S. continue to attend their neighborhood public school, an increasing number attend other types of schools.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Support for People with Substance Use Disorders: Crisis and Peer Supports

As the opioid epidemic continues to be a major public health crisis with record-breaking deaths, policies that promote services for people with substance use disorders (SUDs) beyond clinics and in-patient facilities can help support treatment and recovery.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 18: The Perfect Storm: College Students, Mental Health, And The Sense Of Belonging On Campus

The end of the spring semester marks the release of another episode! This month, we tackled the tough topic of mental health among college students. We talked about how COVID-19 has impacted college students seeking mental health services, the challenges for counselors and administrators working in university mental health centers, policy solutions to the crisis, and other things that have happened as a result of the pandemic like changes in technology.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Policy Brief

Disentangling Neglect from Poverty

The U.S. spends over $29 billion each year to identify and protect victims of child abuse and neglect through various Child Protective Services (CPS) processes and programs. Isolated allegations of child neglect (without concurrent abuse allegations) account for 60% of substantiated CPS allegations (confirmed as true).
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 17: Digging Deeper Into The Juvenile Justice System

We spoke to Megan Kurlychek, Professor of Sociology, Criminology and Public Policy and Associate Director of the Criminal Justice Research Center at Penn State, and Rick Steele, Executive Director of the Juvenile Court Judges’ Commission at the Pennsylvania Commonwealth, about their work in the juvenile justice field, the history of the juvenile justice system, prevention programs, the issue of recidivism, and more.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Child Sexual Abuse: Prevention, Treatment, and Safety Promotion

Child sexual abuse (CSA; i.e., physical or nonphysical sexual acts with a child under the age of 18 in which there is no or limited capacity to provide true consent) can occur through online exploitation, child pornography, and the luring of children offline for sexual encounters.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Web Article

Noncustodial Parents’ Impact on Children

NCP’s financial involvement can benefit the child in various ways. Child support payments are related to the child’s school achievement, fewer behavior problems, and a lower likelihood of child maltreatment investigations. However, 2/3rds of NCPS do not pay formal child support because they are in poverty.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Child Care Access for Families with Non-Standard Work Hours

An estimated 43% of children in the United States have at least one parent with a non-standard work schedule, which often include irregular shifts. Professional child care providers typically do not offer services outside of traditional weekday working hours or accommodate changing schedules on short notice, and may impose monetary penalties for unplanned schedule fluctuations.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 16: Debunking The U.S. Census

This month’s episode tackles all things related to the U.S. Census. We discussed the decennial Census, the data products created and released from the U.S. Census Bureau, the current demographic trends and challenges, and measuring hard-to-reach populations.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Teacher Workforce Development: ‘Grow Your Own’ Teacher Programs

Grow Your Own (GYO) teacher programs are partnerships between school districts, institutions of higher education, and community-based organizations to recruit and prepare community members to become teachers in local schools (Gist et al., 2019).
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Web Article

LGBTQ Youth

The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) proposed modifications to the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), including the addition of data elements regarding LGBTQ youth.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 15: Innovations In Healthcare: Enhancing Value, Health Equity, And The Social Determinants Of Health

In this month’s episode, we tackled innovations in healthcare. Since the beginning of the pandemic, we’ve seen a focus on various healthcare innovations and technology like artificial intelligence, cloud-enabled solutions, and inpatient telehealth, but other innovations are important, too. Some of these focused on in Pennsylvania include how we can get more value out of the country’s healthcare system without sacrificing the quality of care and lowering barriers for underserved populations.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 14: Navigating Pennsylvania’s Child Welfare System And Issues Of Child Maltreatment

We’re kicking things off by exploring the opportunities and challenges of Pennsylvania’s child welfare system. For the past several years, there has been an ongoing partnership between Penn State researchers and government partners to change the Commonwealth’s county-based child welfare system through legislative and policy actions. We spoke to Jennie Noll, Ph.D., Professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies and the Director of the Child Maltreatment Solutions Network at Penn State University, and Brian Bornman, Esq., Executive Director of the Pennsylvania Children and Youth Administrators Association, about their collaborative process, the challenges of navigating a stressed bureaucratic system, and what the future holds for resolving issues of child welfare and maltreatment.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 13: The Pandemic Perspective: Examining The Hardship Of Unemployment And The Pandemic Labor Market

As the nation begins to “reopen” and the economy begins shifting, many states have begun ending pandemic-era unemployment insurance benefits. For many, unemployment insurance was the only thing keeping them afloat following the unprecedented unemployment crisis at the beginning of the pandemic. And yet, despite the unbelievable numbers of unemployed workers in our country, the stigma of receiving unemployment insurance persists. We asked ourselves why, in a time of tremendous health and economic crisis, are we giving folks who need help a hard time? We know that research shows that many families and individuals are still out of work and struggling to afford adequate food and pay mortgages or rent. Like other topics we covered – childcare and food insecurity, for example – the pandemic has made it abundantly clear that our country’s systems are unsustainable and not enough to support the financial needs of families and individuals.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 12: The Pandemic Perspective: Revealing The Hidden Crisis Of Food Insecurity

According to the U.S. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, food insecurity is defined as the disruption of food intake or eating patterns because of lack of money or other resources. For example, this could mean cutting down on the number of meals or changing the types of food that you eat to save money.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
|
Fact Sheet

Addressing School and Education COVID Disparities

COVID-19 has upended the lives of nearly every individual in the United States, with prolonged school closures one of the major driving forces of disruption for youth and families.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
|
Podcast Episode

Episode 11: The Pandemic Perspective: The Challenges And Opportunities Of The Childcare System

We spoke to Karen Grimm-Thomas, Director of External Relations at the Pennsylvania Office of Child Development and Early Learning (OCDEL), and Philip Sirinides, Associate Professor of Education in the School of Behavioral Sciences and Education and Director of the Institute of State and Regional Affairs (ISRA) at Penn State Harrisburg, about the impact that the pandemic has had on childcare providers and families throughout Pennsylvania.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 10: Exploring PacMAT, The Pennsylvania Coordinated Medication-Assisted Treatment Program

For our March episode, we explore the Pennsylvania Coordinated Medication-Assisted Treatment Program, or PacMAT, which builds evidence-based medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs for Pennsylvanians suffering from opioid use disorder. Currently, there are 14 PacMAT centers throughout Pennsylvania that utilize a hub-and-spoke model.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Policy Recommendations to Support Quality Child Care

High-quality, affordable, and reliable child care options are not accessible across the country. Child care deserts—areas with an insufficient supply of licensed child care options—are most frequently observed in marginalized and rural communities.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 9: The Pandemic Perspective: The Local And State Government’s Response To COVID-19, The 2020 Election, And Everything In Between (Part 2)

As part of our new series, The Pandemic Perspective, we spoke with Commissioner Mike Pipe, Centre County Chair of the Board of Commissioners and Co-Chair of the Election Board of Centre County, and Dr. Chris Witko, Associate Director of the School of Public Policy and Professor of Public Policy and Political Science at Penn State University. This episode is the second episode of a two-part episode about this topic. Listen to Part 1 here.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 8: The Pandemic Perspective: The Local And State Government’s Response To COVID-19, The 2020 Election, And Everything In Between (Part 1)

For the second episode of our new series, The Pandemic Perspective, we spoke with Commissioner Mike Pipe, Centre County Chair of the Board of Commissioners and Co-Chair of the Election Board of Centre County, and Dr. Chris Witko, Associate Director of the School of Public Policy and Professor of Public Policy and Political Science at Penn State University. This episode is broken into two parts – we had a lot to talk about! – and will be released biweekly.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Hazardous Misinformation: Key Policy Levers

While misinformation has long been a component of traditional print and broadcast media, digital technology allows for the frictionless dissemination of false and manipulated content with, at times, acutely dangerous consequences.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Providing Support to Parents with Substance Use Disorders During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has produced unique challenges for parents with substance use disorders (SUDs). Although some barriers have been alleviated (e.g., medication assisted treatment is more accessible for some and telehealth is broadly available), COVID-19 has still resulted in barriers to support for parents with SUDs.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Policy Brief

Policy Recommendations for Excessive Alcohol Use Amid COVID-19

Excessive alcohol use is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States[i] and has been made worse by the stress, anxiety, depression, and isolation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 6 – Examining Income Inequality In Pennsylvania: Why We Need More (And Better) Data

In this month’s episode, we spoke to Alexis Santos, PhD, Assistant Professor of Human Development and Family Studies at Penn State, and David Saunders, Director of the Office of Health Equity for the Pennsylvania Department of Health, about different disparities throughout the Pennsylvania Commonwealth and how the lack of good data impacts what we understand about poverty and health inequities.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Implicit Bias Police Training: What Works?

Implicit bias is an unconscious attitude based on one’s experiences and societal exposure to social messages.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 5 – The Stigma Of The Opioid Crisis

What is there left to say about the opioid crisis that has not already been said? It’s claimed thousands of lives, torn apart families and communities, strained our country’s already fractured healthcare system, and cost the economy billions, perhaps trillions, of dollars. If burning a path through communities for the last twenty years was not enough, the COVID-19 pandemic has forced many individuals and families to endure joblessness, potential homelessness, and other uncertainties, causing a spike in substance use and subsequently, overdoses.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

How Policymakers and Practitioners Can Facilitate Disclosure and Help-Seeking

Victims of violence (VoV) often face a variety of obstacles to disclosing their victim status, which prevent them from receiving help. Victim services programs and organizations, which are often financially supported through the Crime Victims Fund, advocate for victims and connect them with necessary services.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Incarceration and COVID-19

More than 2.2. million people are incarcerated in the U.S.; this is more people than in any other country and over half of these individuals are incarcerated for non-violent offenses. Incarcerated populations, correctional staff, and their families are at an especially increased risk to become infected with COVID-19, as the prison environment does not lend itself to be protective against illness.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 4 – The Chronic Crisis Of Housing

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues and unemployment benefits for many Americans decrease significantly at the end of July, many Americans will be unable to pay rents and mortgages and may face eviction. Given the severity of this particular crisis, July’s episode focuses on multiple issues related to housing in America, like the lack of affordable housing and housing as a means to improve overall health and well-being. In this episode, we spoke to Bryce Maretzki, Director of Policy and Planning for the Pennsylvania Housing Finance Agency, and Selena Ortiz, PhD, Assistant Professor of Health Policy and Administration as well as Demography, at Penn State.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Racial Disparities in Policing and their Impact on Police-Community Relations

Negative relationships between police and communities are associated with civilian perceptions of lack of safety, low civilian trust in police, and overall negative perceptions of law enforcement, particularly for Black communities and other communities who have been historically marginalized.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Contact Tracing During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Considerations for Equity

Contact tracing is critical to containing and mitigating the spread of COVID-19. It is a tried and true, evidence-based mechanism to identify disease patterns during a pandemic. Coordinated federal efforts, including the use of national contact tracing strategies, are effective at containing and mitigating the impact of pandemics.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Racial Mental Health Disparities

The COVID-19 pandemic is disproportionately affecting people of color, in terms of number of cases, mortality rates, pay cuts, and job loss. The health and economic devastation of this outbreak, in addition to the distress raised by the recent killing of George Floyd and many others, are significantly contributing to the stress of the nation and disproportionately impacting the mental health of people of color.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and the Mental Health Workforce

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, an estimated 125,000 additional mental health professionals were required to meet the nation’s mental health needs. Recent events have intensified the need for mental health professionals and the services they provide.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 3 – Health In Rural Communities

Pennsylvania is considered one of the most rural states in the nation, and is anchored by Pittsburgh in the southwestern and Philadelphia in the southeastern parts of the state. Across the nation, however, rural counties have much in common in terms of geographic isolation and significant challenges like access to economic development, transportation infrastructure, broadband services, healthcare services, and many others. As the U.S. continues to weather the COVID-19 pandemic, the inadequacy of our country’s healthcare system hangs heavily over rural communities and the people living in them.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Mitigating the Implications of Coronavirus Pandemic on Families: Issue 7

This issue presents research-informed policy recommendations regarding the effects of COVID-19 on welfare-youth, and human trafficking and exploitation. The prevalence of human trafficking heightens with the growing impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable communities.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19: Human Trafficking and Exploitation

Human trafficking is the crime of using force or fraud for the purpose of compelled labor or a commercial sex act. The United States considers “trafficking in persons,” “human trafficking,” and “modern slavery” to be interchangeable umbrella terms that refer to both sex trafficking and labor trafficking.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19: Perinatal Support

Providing necessary care and social support is critical during the perinatal time period to ensure the health and well-being of parents and children. Due to concerns related to COVID-19, hospitals have limited the number of people who can be present during and following birth.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Human Trafficking During COVID-19: A Provider’s Perspective

Human trafficking involves individuals being compelled to work, provide services or engage in commercial sex through the use of force, fraud or coercion. COVID-19 has negatively impacted the screening and identification of human trafficking victims as well as reduced survivors’ access to the mechanisms associated with successful recovery (e.g., case workers, social workers and legal assistance).
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Child Welfare

Stressful situations combined with increased drug and alcohol use set the stage for potentially dangerous situations, especially for youth in abusive homes. Youth who consider school a safe haven may now be confined at home with their abusers.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Special Education

COVID-19 has created new barriers for students with disabilities. Students receiving special education services toward learning or behavioral goals are already at elevated risk for falling behind in school.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and The Digital Divide

Youth living in poverty are more impacted by the digital divide. This divide may widen as many schools transition to online learning.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Mitigating the Implications of Coronavirus Pandemic on Families: Issue 6

This issue presents research-informed policy recommendations regarding migrant workers and children. Particularly, attending to the impact of COVID-19 on health and economic disparities among America’s international workforce, as well as implications for educational access and linguistically diverse students
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Mitigating the Implications of Coronavirus Pandemic on Families: Issue 5

The U.S. is the new epicenter of the Coronavirus pandemic. Mitigation strategies are more critical than they ever were before; however, they may exacerbate socioeconomic inequities and disparities that endanger the health and well-being of families.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 2 – Aging In America: Challenges And Opportunities

For this month’s episode, we spoke to Penn State’s Marty Sliwinski, PhD, Director of the Center for Healthy Aging and Professor of Human Development and Family Studies, and Stephanie Cole, Director of Special Projects and Executive Assistant at the Office of the Secretary at Pennsylvania Department of Aging, about challenges and opportunities related to aging.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Mitigating the Implications of Coronavirus Pandemic on Families: Issue 3

In the midst of the Coronavirus pandemic, many families are facing social shifts, economic uncertainty, and disruptions in their daily life, as well as coping with closures to school and childcare facilities and demands of providing for educational and childcare needs.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19: Migrant Families and Children

Immigrant families and children who are infected/influenced by COVID-19 face various barriers in seeking healthcare.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

African American Employment and COVID-19: Disparities and Compounding Risks

COVID-19 is an equal opportunity virus, but exposure to this virus does not take place in an equal opportunity context. Although only some states and counties provide COVID-19 cases and outcomes by race, the data available indicate that disparities are stark.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Linguistically Diverse Students

All students deserve an appropriate and effective education, including English Learners (ELs) [1] and dual language learners (DLLs) [2], collectively referred to as linguistically diverse students.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19: Homelessness

Persons experiencing homelessness are at high risk of infection, transmission, complications and mortality from coronavirus. Persons experiencing homelessness have higher rates of physical and mental health conditions compared to the general public.
Evidence-to-Impact Collaborative
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Podcast Episode

Episode 1 – Criminal Sentencing Guidelines

This week, we spoke to Penn State’s Jeff Ulmer, PhD, Professor of Sociology and Criminology, and Mark Bergstrom, Executive Director of the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing about criminal sentencing guidelines. Sentencing guidelines are a set of standards that are generally put in place to establish rational and consistent sentencing practices within a particular jurisdiction.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

COVID-19 and Opioid Risk Mitigation

Improve Access to Items Needed to Reduce Harm Associated with Opioid Misuse.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Policy Brief

Policy Brief: Trauma-Informed Responses to Immigration Policies and Practices

This is an official statement of the Society for Community Research and Action, Division 27 of the American Psychological Association, and does not represent the position of the American Psychological Association or any of its other Divisions or subunits.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Influx of Refugees: State Challenges and Opportunities

Refugees face structural and cultural barriers associated with higher physical and mental health disparities, poverty, and uncertainty about their rights and legal status.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Diabetes Programs for Tribal Communities

The Special Diabetes Program for Indians (SDPI) has led to decreased incidence of diabetes in tribal communities; however, there is room for program improvements.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Collaborative Efforts for the Prevention of Family Violence

Due to issues of confidentiality that often prevent data and information sharing, the established bureaucratic process often doesn’t allow organizations to collaborate.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Maternal and Infant Health

Racial disparities are connected to maternal mortality, especially African American women. Inadequate healthcare has been a concern with racism being a primary cause.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Policy Brief

Quality Implementation of Trauma Informed Care

Trauma-informed care (TIC) refers to strategies that agencies, programs, and service providers can use to understand, identify, and respond to individuals who may have experienced trauma.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Substance Abuse Treatment: Predictors of Success and Accountability

Addiction is a complex disease, and there is no “one-size fits all.” Treatment should be personalized, measure progress over time, and develop a long-term strategy for continuing care after treatment.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Interventions Supporting Separated Migrant Children

Multiple organizations responded to this issue by summarizing the empirical evidence on the adverse psychological and physical health consequences of trauma anticipated from forced family separation, detention, feared deportation and acclimation.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Supporting Adoption Permanency

How well children and their families adapt to adoption depends on a few things, including social environments, biology, and time. This document reviews information associated with adoption permanency.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Address Confidentiality

Survivors of domestic violence often need to leave their residence in order to escape abuse and it is vital the abuser not be able to find them. In order to keep survivors safe, it is important they remain hidden from their abuser.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Infant Mortality and Home Visit Programs

We have begun to identify researcher-oriented professionals who have expertise in the following areas...
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Substance Use Treatment for Women

Many women who use substances are mothers with minor children or are of reproductive age.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Child Trauma and Trauma Informed Care

This brief summarizes child trauma and the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Policy Brief

Capacity to Identify and Prevent Human Trafficking

Trafficking in persons is defined as the recruitment, transportation or acquisition of persons by force, coercion, fraud, deception, the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person for the purpose of exploitation (UN Palermo Convention).
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Intercountry Adoption

We have identified several research-oriented professionals who have expertise in intercountry (international) adoption and the quality of orphanages abroad. We are currently in the process of engaging more experts both in and outside of our network.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Plans of Safe Care: Effective Implementation in the U.S.

Over the last decade, the number of infants affected by prenatal substance exposure, withdrawal symptoms or alcohol use has significantly increased with the opioid crisis.
Research-to-Policy Collaboration
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Fact Sheet

Juvenile Justice

Policy efforts related to juvenile justice grew out of the initial 2016 implementation of the Research-to-Policy Collaboration by the National Prevention Science Coalition.
Results First
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Issue Brief

Better Programs, Better Results

Rigorous Quality Assurance Ensures that Washington State's Evidence-Based Programs Produce Expected Results

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